Mineral Based Industries
for Mineral Based Industry
Mineral Resources Under Exploration
Status of Mineral Areas - Leases & Vacancies
programme 2011-12 (April 2011-March 2012)
Annual programme 2012-13 (April
Exploration programme on Map
Composite map of Reconnaissance Permit in U.P.
Platinum and Gold mineralisation in the Bijawar and granite complex in Sonrai-
Girar Ikona, area district Lalitpur. Gold Mineralisation in
District Sonbhadra and Diamond in District Banda.
Concerted efforts of D.G.M.U.P., over
last fifty years in the state has resulted in augmenting the mineral
resources into following categories:-
Rare earth elements in Khajra Bujurg area,
Asbestos in Bada Gaon area,distt.Jhansi.
The industries includes thermal
Power Plant based
on coal reserves, glass and ceramic units derive their Silica sand
raw material from washing plants of Allahabad and Chitrakoot
districts. The Pyrophyllite Pulverising units are dependent on
pyrophyllite reserves of Jhansi, Lalitpur & Mahoba districts.
Besides aforesaid industries lime
kilns, Granite and sandstone tile units, raw lime bricks units
also get their raw material from the mineral reserves of the
Based on the existing knowledge
of the Geology and Mineral resources the following possibility/
prospect is worth mentioning.
Cement and other Limestone based
State was producing only 1.4 millions tonnes of Cement as against a
demand of 6 million tonnes. The investigations carried out show the
possibility of tapping additional reserves of Limestone for Cement
as well as for Steel and other Chemical industries in the following
Large Cement Plants
Mini Cement Plants
A vast potential for Cement grade Limestone has been
outlined in block VI of Kajrahat Limestone deposit in Sonbhadra
which can be considered for Mini cement plant.
Deposits occur in the Kajrahat
belt and are estimated about 15 million tonnes near Bari Village
About 6 Million tonnes of low grade (+16% P2O5
) Phosphate occur in Lalitpur. The high grade ore is being sold as a
direct fertilizer and to elemental Phosphorus plants. A mining and
beneficiation project in Lalitpur is under formulation in joint
sector for producing 1,30,000 tonnes of concentrate annually with
+35% P2O5 . Downstream industries are also
Extensive deposits of high grade
Silica Sand occur near Shankargarh and Bargarh in Allahabad and
Chitrakoot distt. Some of these deposits are mined by private lease
holders on a small scale. Based on Lalapur deposits additional large
scale mining and beneficiation units has been established by
National Mineral Development Corporation.
Pyrophyllite and Diaspore
Small deposits of Pyrophyllite and Diaspore occur in Hamirpur,
Mahoba Jhansi and Lalitpur districts. These are mined by private
individuals and sold as a filler&handicrafts. These mines can be
developed to produce large quantities of classified products for
ceramics and refractory industry.
About 8.4 million tones of metal
grade Bauxite occur south of Manikpur in Chitrakoot district.
The Bricks offer competitive price
and attractive colours and hence are in great demand. Few more
plants can be set up in the state. In addition, production of Fly
Ash-Lime Bricks can also be considered, since large stocks of fly
ash are lying unused. Setting up of such eco friendly plants will
save the excavation of earth and also the fuel wood used for making
large potentiality of dimensional Granite, suitable for blocks slabs
and tiles exists in district Lalitpur, Jhansi, Mahoba, Banda and
Sonbhadra and few areas in Lalitpur, are producing dimensional
Granite, which has a potential export market. There is a
potentiality for establishing more plants in the Joint sector.
Vindhyan sandstone occur in Agra,
Lalitpur, Chitrakoot, Allahabad, Mirzapur, Varanasi and Sonbhadra
districts. These are exploited by private parties and marketed as
Slabstone, Millstone and Building stone. These districts provide
opportunity for indigenous market and export too.
Large areas of river beds of
Saharanpur district contain gold ranging from 0.1-0.2 gm/cubic
meter of sand. Beneficiation tests completed so far indicate 60-80%
of gold recovery using simple gravity methods.
There are possibilities of proving
large deposits of China clay at Naudiha, Ramgarh, Kon & Nigahein and
Jaljalia in distt. Sonbhadra. The clay occur in the weathering zone
below sandstone in 5-15 meter thick zone and width of individual
pockets vary from 150-200 meters. The recovery of the clay fraction
is over 50%. The deposits are presently under exploratation.
17 Million Tonnes
of china clay deposit is available for entrepreneurs. It is available
at Naudiha 40 Kms from Chopan. This area is well connected by metal
road. The china clay of Naudiha-Ramgarh is a low grade Plastic-clay
and could be used in low temperature stone-ware body for the
production of crockery etc.
andalusite deposits occur in Harnakachar area near Wyndhamganj and
Bagisoti area of Sonbhadra. GSI had estimated about 14 million tones
reserves in Wyndhamganj area. Potential occurrences can be
considered for exploitation.
Large reserves of low grade (25-30% iron) iron ore which can be
easily upgraded to 45% iron using gravity methods occur at Girar,
Lalitpur. These reserves can be utilized for making sponge iron.
associated with :-
silicified zone near (i) Girar, Lalitpur (ii) Gurhar Pahar, south
Conglomerate near Hardi, distt. Sonbhadra.
(c) In Quartz veins
near Deva Injani distt. Sonbhadra
Platinum and Palladium mineralisation is associated
with the altered zone in Peridotite in district Lalitpur.
Asbestos in Mauranipur, Baragaon distt.
Major Mineral Dockets